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We seek to increase the quality of early childhood services for all children, particularly those who are disadvantaged.
The Open Society Early Childhood Program promotes the healthy development of young children through parent and community engagement, professional development, and government accountability.
University Services University Fleet Management

A. Combination of vehicles with Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) of 26,001 or more pounds provided the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds. B. Single vehicle with GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds, or any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 pounds. C. Single vehicle less that 26,001 pounds GVWR, or any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 pounds GVWR, comprising of vehicles required to be placarded for hazardous materials or any bus designed to transport 16 or more passengers including the driver.

Effective May 1, 2007, driving records will be checked annually for all drivers holding commercial drivers licenses.

Annually, all drivers of vehicles requiring a CDL must have submitted their first last name, date of birth, divers' license number or a photo copy of their drivers' license and the employing departments cost object to Transportation Services. Note: The department employing the driver is responsible for all fees required to obtain driving records. Student drivers who are not UNL employees are responsible for all fees required to obtain driving records.

(The following is an excerpt from UNL Human Resources policy concerning Random Drug Testing for drivers required to hold a CDL)

Drug Free Workplace

Testing for Alcohol and Controlled Substances for Employees Required to Hold a Commercial Driver's License


Effective January 1, 1995, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln was required by the United State Department of Transportation (DOT) to establish a policy and process which provides testing for alcohol and controlled substances of all employees required to hold a Commercial Driver's License (CDL) as a function of their UNL employment.

Description of Drivers Covered

This policy applies to all employees of UNL who are required to hold a CDL as a condition of employment. For purposes of this policy covered employees will be referred to as "drivers".

This policy applies to applicants selected for a position, current employees, and current employees applying to move into a position requiring a CDL as a condition of employment.

Drivers must submit to testing for alcohol and controlled substances, including but not limited to urinalysis and breath testing. Upon instructing a driver to report for such testing, the supervisor must notify the driver that testing is being performed as required by DOT regulations. Drivers will be tested under the following circumstances:

Circumstances for Testing


A driver-applicant must be tested for controlled substance use as a condition of employment. Employment offers will be conditional until two requirements are met: 1) the applicant must sign consent forms for testing as required by policy, and 2) the applicant must have negative results from required testing.

Exception: Drivers who can document previous participation in testing for alcohol and controlled substances have possibly fulfilled pre-employment testing requirements. Questions should be directed to Human Resources.

Reasonable Suspicion

Drivers must be tested when conduct or appearance gives reasonable suspicion of alcohol or controlled substance use. The driver's behavior must be witnessed by a supervisor or other unit manager (two if reasonably possible) trained in the detection of alcohol and controlled substance use. The supervisor must escort the driver to the testing site.

Reasonable suspicion must be based on specific, contemporaneous, articulable observations concerning the appearance, behavior, speech, or body odors of the employee. The supervisor observing such behavior must make a written record of the behavior within 24 hours of the observed behavior or before results of tests are released, whichever is earlier. Random

Under a scientifically valid selection method, drivers must be chosen at random for unannounced testing. Random testing must be reasonably spaced throughout the year and must result in alcohol-testing of at least 25% of the total number of the average number of University of Nebraska driver positions. Random testing for controlled substances must result in testing of at least 50% of the average number of the University of Nebraska driver positions.


Tests for alcohol and controlled substances must be administered to any driver who is involved in an accident if the accident results in loss of human life or if the driver receives a citation under state or local law for a moving traffic violation. At the discretion of the driver's supervisor and Human Resources, tests may be administered to a driver involved in any accident. Drivers must report the accident immediately, and they must immediately thereafter report for testing to a previously identified laboratory approved by the Department of Health and Human Services. Drivers must be provided necessary post-accident information, procedures, and instructions prior to beginning employment duties.

Tests must be administered as soon as practicable. An alcohol test must be administered within two hours (and no later than eight hours) following the accident. A controlled substance test must be administered within 32 hours following the accident. If tests are not administered within established time frames, efforts to test must stop, and a report must be filed with the DOT to explain why tests were not promptly administered. A driver who is subject to post-accident testing must remain readily available for the testing or may be deemed to have refused to submit to testing.


A driver who has positive results from a test for alcohol or controlled substances must submit to retesting and test negative prior to resuming driving responsibilities.


A driver who has positive results from a test for alcohol or controlled substances and who is identified by a substance abuse professional as needing assistance in resolving problems with alcohol abuse or controlled substances must submit to a minimum of six follow-up tests within the first twelve months following return to duty.

Testing Procedures

Testing procedures at UNL will comply in every respect with DOT requirements. Careful attention will be given to insuring the integrity of the process with a high priority placed on the confidentiality of the employee.

For controlled substances

Collection sites will be designated by UNL. Sites will have all necessary equipment and supervision to provide for the completion of split samples, security, temporary storage, and shipping of the specimens to a drug testing laboratory certified by the Department of Health and Human Services. The split sample method of collection will be used. Collection of the urine samples will allow privacy unless there is reason to believe that a particular employee may alter or substitute the specimen. Test results will be sent to UNL in a manner that will protect the confidentiality of the employee.

For alcohol

Testing sites will be designated by UNL, where tests will be conducted by a certified Breath Alcohol Technician. After the employee provides an adequate amount of breath for testing, the results will be attached to and recorded on the breath alcohol test form and shown to the employee. The form will then be signed by both the technician and the employee. If the result is negative, no further testing will be required and the results will be transmitted to UNL in a confidential manner. If the result is positive, a confirmation test will be performed. Results of the confirmation test will then be attached to and recorded on test forms. Forms will be signed by both the technician and the employee and will then be sent to UNL in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the employee.

Blood alcohol testing is authorized only: 1) when a post-accident or reasonable suspicion test is required and an evidential breath testing device is not readily available; 2) when a post-accident or reasonable suspicion test is required and an evidential breath testing device suitable for confirmation testing is not readily available; or 3) when the covered employee attempts and fails to provide an adequate amount of breath.

Driver Refusal to Submit to Testing

Drivers who refuse to submit to testing or otherwise fail to cooperate in the testing for alcohol and/or controlled substances will be subject to corrective action up to and including dismissal.

Positive Test Results

Drivers who have a positive result from an alcohol and/or a controlled substance test will be subject to corrective action up to and including dismissal.

Drivers who have a positive result from an alcohol and/or a controlled substance test must be referred to UNL's Employee Assistance Program. Drivers must complete any treatment recommended by the EAP, subsequently test negative for alcohol and/or controlled substances, and submit to follow-up testing.

Referral to EAP does not necessarily mean that the driver will retain the position. The supervisor, working with the Department of Human Resources, will determine appropriate corrective action.

Other Requirements

Drivers may not perform driving responsibilities if they:

A driver who engages in any conduct described above may not operate a UNL commercial vehicle. The driver will be subject to corrective action up to and including dismissal.

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campaign does. First of all it is an affront to government authority, and if the government is unable to quell the unrest it leads to an erosion of state power. This loss of power stems from the people’s lack of trust in the government to maintain law and order. In turn, the people begin to question whether or not new leadership is needed. Discrediting, disarming, and demoralizing the government is the goal of these activities and the cause of the government’s loss of power. For Sale Top Quality Cheap Real Finishline Contemporary fit White Linen Shirt Short Sleeve Eton UedOZE
Civil unrest depletes resources as the government is forced to spend more money on additional police. Additionally, civil unrest may be used to provoke a response from the government. In the 1940s communists in France during strikes against the Marshall Plan would, "deliberately provoke the police and gendarmerie into acts of repressive violence in order to exploit the resulting 'martyrs to the cause' for propaganda purposes". [30] These martyrs and subsequent propaganda can be useful in turning political and social groups against each other. The less violent forms of unrest, "such as worker absenteeism, passive resistance, boycotts, and deliberate attempts to cripple government agencies by 'overloading the system' with false reports, can have powerfully disruptive effects, both economically and politically". [31]

Offensive terror can be defined as the killing of people, destruction of property, kidnapping, etc. It is usually a minor part of subversion and, "is used not to exert force in the transfer of state power, but is meant to cower the people or ruler". Cheap Discount Cupro Skirt FleurDeLis Skirt by VIDA VIDA Cheap 2018 New High Quality Sale Online Big Discount For Sale Countdown Package Cheap Price W7yBdaZ
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Additionally, much like civil unrest and agitation, it raises the question of whether or not the state can provide security for the population. Terror also provides a practical motivation of physically removing political opponents. The assassination of an organization’s leader may open the door to a successor that is more friendly to the subversives position or possibly someone that has successfully infiltrated the organization and is in fact one of the subversives.

Bribery is one of the most common tools of subversion. Most societies see bribery as a form of Outlet Authentic Essential Top bliss is my guide by VIDA VIDA Online Shop Discount Shop For Free Shipping Best Store To Get Brand New Unisex Cheap Price sARLB
and it used as a subversive tool because it, "implies the undermining of existing rules of political or moral conduct". [33] It can also be one of the less reliable tools as well. Bribed officials are only useful if they take action. However actions taken over a period of time draw suspicion from the public. The official must be able to carefully conceal their actions or perform only key functions and action. For these reasons bribed officials are most effective when they are asked to take immediate action. In the case of external subversion, bribery is usually used for influence rather than for actions. Womens Cover up Springfield Outlet Hot Sale Fsenc

The continuity and difference between Descartes' and Aristotle's conceptions is noteworthy. In both conceptions, matter is passive or inert. In the respective conceptions matter has different relationships to intelligence. For Aristotle, matter and intelligence (form) exist together in an interdependent relationship, whereas for Descartes, matter and intelligence (mind) are definitionally opposed, independent substances . [71]

Descartes' justification for restricting the inherent qualities of matter to extension is its permanence, but his real criterion is not permanence (which equally applied to color and resistance), but his desire to use geometry to explain all material properties. White Mesh Frill Detail Maxi Skirt Pretty Little Thing New Arrival Online Cheap Sale Footlocker Pictures Discount Manchester Great Sale b0zPUMlc0
Like Descartes, Hobbes, Boyle, and Locke argued that the inherent properties of bodies were limited to extension, and that so-called secondary qualities, like color, were only products of human perception. [73]

Isaac Newton (1643–1727) inherited Descartes' mechanical conception of matter. In the third of his "Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy", Newton lists the universal qualities of matter as "extension, hardness, impenetrability, mobility, and inertia". slim fit jeans Blue Cerruti Cheap And Nice Outlet With Credit Card 2aXt23
Similarly in Optics he conjectures that God created matter as "solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, movable particles", which were "...even so very hard as never to wear or break in pieces". [75] The "primary" properties of matter were amenable to mathematical description, unlike "secondary" qualities such as color or taste. Like Descartes, Newton rejected the essential nature of secondary qualities. Fake Sale Online Cheap Original Medium Waist Cropped Twiggy Jeans white Dsquared2 Manchester Cheap Online bHTrQ3wS

Newton developed Descartes' notion of matter by restoring to matter intrinsic properties in addition to extension (at least on a limited basis), such as mass. Newton's use of gravitational force, which worked "at a distance", effectively repudiated Descartes' mechanics, in which interactions happened exclusively by contact. Mens 40505225959 Slim Fit sOliver Denim Knock Off Free Shipping Sale Online sqi2c9GIG

Though Newton's gravity would seem to be a power of bodies, Newton himself did not admit it to be an essential property of matter. Carrying the logic forward more consistently, Fashion Style Online Mens FloralPrint Cotton Poplin Shirt Barneys New York Outlet Largest Supplier pSybV
(1733-1804) argued that corporeal properties transcend contact mechanics: chemical properties require the capacity for attraction. Cheap Sale In China Shirt for Men On Sale Black Virgin wool 2017 L M Marcelo Burlon Best Wholesale For Sale Fashion Style Cheap Price Limited Edition Deals Cheap Online BrDFTn
He argued matter has other inherent powers besides the so-called primary qualities of Descartes, et al. [78]

Since Priestley's time, there has been a massive expansion in knowledge of the constituents of the material world (viz., molecules, atoms, subatomic particles), but there has been no further development in the definition of matter. Rather the question has been set aside. Noam Chomsky (born 1928) summarizes the situation that has prevailed since that time:

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